First a note on terminology. In the intercultural world, “U.S. American” is preferred to “American,” because “American,” as it is normally used, does not include all the other “Americas,” such as Central America, South America, and the non-U.S. countries of what is commonly referred to as North America.
In my still-brief time at I-House I have met many residents who don’t understand why our alcohol policy is so strict, at least as judged by their cultural standards. (I hear these comments and questions mostly, but not exclusively, from European residents.) A simple answer to the question is that I-House’s policies must follow federal and California state law, but that begs the deeper cultural questions about why U.S. and California laws are as strict as they are. (As an aside, I-House is the only campus residence that permits any use of alcohol at all in public spaces.)
The cultural explanation that I offer begins with the role of religion in the founding of the United States, and its continued influence on U.S. American culture.In the Calvinist tradition, which had significant influence on the development of U.S. American society, humans are seen as inherently sinful, and so we must devote as much of our energy as we can to avoiding sin (including “glorifying God” by working hard). In this view humans are weak, and always ready to sin. Sex and alcohol are forms of sin, because they are “of the flesh” and take us further from God. According to this logic in its purest form, alcohol can be seen as directly opposed to God. Therefore we must be very careful in how we handle alcohol, and in how we regulate its use. And we have to be especially vigilant about protecting our most vulnerable citizens — our children — from the “corrupting” influence of alcohol.
This is an overly simplistic explanation, and I’m not saying that U.S., California and I-House alcohol policies are all inspired directly by Calvinism. However, in the U.S. alcohol does still tend to be thought of as a “forbidden fruit” and as (potentially) “sinful,” especially if used in excess, and as an enabler of other “sinful” activities such as sex. As my seventh-grade teacher said during our brief “alcohol education” module, “It’s the sin that makes you grin.”
Understanding the cultural bases of alcohol laws and policies in the U.S. may not lessen your annoyance, but we hope it will at least help you do what we interculturalists call “shifting frames of reference.” Understanding something doesn’t mean you will end up liking it, but we hope the understanding itself is helpful.